Understanding Child Abuse and Neglect Edition 7 by Cynthia Crosson-Tower EBOOK PDF Instant Download




Understanding Child Abuse and Neglect Edition 7 by Cynthia Crosson-Tower EBOOK PDF Instant Download

Table of Contents

Title Page
Copyright Page
1. The Maltreatment of Children from a Historical Perspective
Children as Property
Issues of Life and Death
Issues of Dependence
Issues of Discipline
Child Labor
Sexual Values, Attitudes, and Exploitation
Early History
The Nineteenth Century
The Twentieth Century
The Incest Taboo
Reasons for Taboo
Legal and Social Prohibition
Recent History of Helping the Abused and Neglected Child
Further Efforts on Behalf of Children
Professional Awareness and Response to the Movement to Protect Children and Families
Child Protection Today
Current Framework
The Role of Child Protective Services
Child Rearing, Maltreatment, and Public Opinion
2. The Family: Roles, Responsibilities, and Rights
The Definition and Function of the Family
The Family as a System
Subsystems and Boundaries
Bonding and Attachment
Minority Family Systems
African American Families
Hispanic American Families
Asian and Pacific Islander Families
Native American Families
The Challenges of Developing Cultural Awareness
Changing Families
Family Problems and Dysfunction
The Family and Child Maltreatment
Parents’ Rights
Children’s Rights
Impact on the Child Protection Movement
3. Maltreatment and the Developing Child
Developmental Stages
Pregnancy and Birth
Birth to One Year
One to Four Years
Four to Eight Years
Eight to Twelve Years
Development, Maltreatment, and Resiliency
4. The Neglect of Children
The Neglect of the Concept of Neglect
Definition and Measurement of Neglect
Causes of Neglect
Economic Causes
Ecological Causes
Personalistic Individual Causes
Problems in Intervention
Neglected Children
Symptoms and Effects of Neglect
Neglectful Parents
Efforts to Explain the Behavior of Neglectful Parents
Substance-Abusing Families
Domestic Violence and Neglect
Plight of the Parent and the Social Worker
5. The Physical Abuse of Children
Causes of Physical Abuse
Interactional Variables
Environmental/Life Stress Variables
Social/Cultural/Economic Variables
Risk Assessment and Physical Abuse
Child Risk and Protective Factors
Parental Risk and Protective Factors
Family System Risk and Protective Factors
Symptoms of Physical Abuse
Physical Symptoms
Behavioral Indicators of Abuse
Abusive Parents
Parents’ Unlearned Tasks from Childhood
Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy
Abusive Parents and Adolescents
The Impact of War on Family Violence
Domestic Violence and Other Abuse Within the Family
Inter-partner Domestic Violence
Abuse by Siblings
Abuse by Peers
Bullying and Peer Violence
6. The Sexual Abuse of Children
Two Groups’ Approaches to Child Sexual Abuse
Child Protection Movement
Feminist Movement
Definition of Child Sexual Abuse
Types of Sexual Abuse
Intrafamilial Abuse
Extrafamilial Abuse
Progression of Sexual Abuse
Engagement Phase
Sexual Interaction and Secrecy Phases
Disclosure Phase
Suppression Phase
Incidence of Sexual Abuse
Studies of Abuse
Influence of Reporting on Statistics
False Allegations Movement
Profile of the Abused Child
Children at Risk
Female Victims
Male Victims
Degree of Trauma
Profile of the Perpetrator
Multifactor Theories
Single-Factor Theories
Process Models
Which People Become Perpetrators?
Female Abusers
Juvenile Sexual Offenders
7. Intrafamilial Abuse
Intrafamilial Abuse as a Problem Today
Societal Contributions to Incest
Father–Daughter Incest
Family Patterns
Profiles of the Family
Father–Son Incest
Family Dynamics
Effects of Father-Son Incest
Mother–Daughter Incest
Family Dynamics
Effects of Mother–Daughter Incest
Mother–Son Incest
Family Dynamics
Effects of Mother-Son Incest
Brother–Sister Incest
Family Dynamics
Effects of Brother-Sister Incest
Homosexual Sibling Incest
Incest with Uncles, Grandfathers, and Cousins
Why Incest Stops
8. Extrafamilial Sexual Abuse, Misuse, and Exploitation
Dynamics and Characteristics of Sexual Abuse Outside the Family
Sexual Abuse by Clergy
Motivation of Perpetrators
Crisis in the Catholic Church
Impact on Victims
Addressing Clerical Perpetrators
Sexual Abuse in Day Care Settings
Types of Day Care Abuse
Reactions and Resulting Changes
Sex Rings
Child Pornography, Sexual Deviance, and the Internet
Child Pornography
Possessors of Child Pornography
Children at Risk
Child Prostitution
Profile of Prostitutes
The Impact of the Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act
Missing Children
9. Psychological Maltreatment of Children
Psychological Maltreatment Defined
The Roots of Psychological Maltreatment
Characteristics of the Psychologically Maltreated Child
Family Dynamics
Difficulty in Detecting and Treating Psychological Abuse
Ritualistic Abuse
10. Intervention: Reporting, Investigation, and Case Management
Culturally Sensitive Intervention
Understanding the Intervention Process
Investigation and Assessment
Family Reactions
Home Visiting
Assessing Risk and Protective Factors
Incidence and Environment
Exploring Causes and Services
Handling Emergencies
Assessment Interviewing
Interviewing Adults
Interviewing Children
Custody of the Children
Other Professionals Involved in the Intervention Process
The Medical Team
The Legal Team
The Educational Team
The Mental Health Team
Clergy and Church Staff
The Community
Toward a Total Team Approach
11. The Legal Response to Child Abuse and Neglect
The Legal Rights of Parents and Children
Types of Court Intervention
Juvenile Court
Criminal Court
The Impact of Court on Children
Sex Offender Registration
The Media and the Court
12. Treatment: Physical Abuse and Neglect
Preparing to Provide Treatment
Providing Treatment
Client Resistance
Client Response
Eligibility Criteria
Limited Community Resources
Treatment Methods
Who Provides Treatment?
Duration of Treatment
Family-Centered Services
Shared Family Care
Treatment of Physically Abusive Families
Treatment of the Abused Child
Treatment of the Parents
Treatment of the Siblings
Treatment of Neglectful Families
Equilibrium Maintenance
Disequilibrium Techniques
13. Treatment: Sexual Abuse
Issues Surrounding Treatment
Assumptions About the Treatment of the Sexually Abusive Family
Treatment Models
Child Sexual Abuse Treatment Programs
Treatment Methods
Issues Addressed in Family Treatment
Phases of Treatment
Treatment of Specific Family Members
The Child and Adolescent
The Mother or Nonabusing Parent
The Perpetrator
Treatment of Juvenile Offenders
Is Treatment Effective?
Preservation of Incestuous Families
Parents of Children Abused Outside the Home
14. Foster Care as a Therapeutic Tool
Problems with Foster Care
Alternatives to Foster Care
Therapeutic Potential in Foster Care
The Role and Importance of the Biological Parents
The Role of Foster Parents
Other Placement for Abused or Neglected Children
Residential Treatment
Adoptive Placement
15. Adults Abused as Children
Society’s Misconceptions
Myth #1
Myth #2
Myth #3
Reasons for Adults’ Disclosure
Pressures of Adulthood
Loss, Depression, or Trauma
Residual Effects of Child Abuse and Neglect
Effects from the Neglecting Family
Relational Imbalances
Low Self-Esteem
Impaired Social Skills
Substance Abuse
Physical Problems
Effects from the Physically Abusing Family
Relational Imbalances
Low Self-Esteem
Coping Skills
Long-Term Effects of Domestic Violence
Effects from a Sexually Abusing Family
Traumatic Sexualization
Stigmatization and Self-Esteem
Relational Imbalances
Multiple Victimization
Effects from Extrafamilial Abuse
A Word About Resiliency
Treatment of Adults Who Were Abused as Children
Repressed Memories
Individual Therapy
Group Therapy
Self-Help Groups
Writers Groups
Legal Actions
Therapists’ Responses to Working with Survivors
16. Working in Child Protection
A Day in the Life of Today’s Protective Worker
Skills and Qualifications Needed for Child Protection
Authority and Sanction
Ethnic Competence
Personal Traits
Effectively Juggling Tasks and Responsibilities
Dealing with Frustrations and Pressures
Facing the Challenges of Working in Child Protection
An Eye Toward Prevention
Prevention Efforts in Schools
Life Skills Training
Preparation for Parenthood
Self-Protection Training
Educational Services for the Community
Schools Helping At-Risk Families
Prevention Efforts with Families
Evaluating Home Visitation Programs
Parent/Child Screening and Prevention
Culturally Sensitive Prevention
Effective Prevention
Working Toward a Better Tomorrow
Rethinking Child Protection
Creating a Unified Response
Looking Within, Between, and Beyond Agencies
Beyond Child Protection: The Need for Societal Changes
Reversing the Trend Toward Socially Impoverished Families
Supporting Parenting
Realigning Societal Values
What Does the Future Hold?
Research Needs