Risk Assessment: A Practical Guide to Assessing Operational Risks / Edition 1 by Georgi Popov EBOOK PDF Instant Download




Risk Assessment: A Practical Guide to Assessing Operational Risks / Edition 1 by Georgi Popov EBOOK PDF Instant Download

Table of Contents

Preface xviiForeword xxiList of Contributors xxiiiAbout the Companion Websites xxv1 Risk Assessments: Their Significance and the Role of the Safety Professional 1
Fred A. Manuele1.1 Objectives 11.2 Introduction 11.3 What is a Risk Assessment? 21.4 Activities at the American Society of Safety Engineers (ASSE) 21.5 An Example of a Guideline that gives Risk Assessment due Recognition 31.6 ANSI/AIHA/ASSE Z10-2012: The Standard for Occupational Health and Safety Management Systems 41.7 ANSI/ASSE Z590.3-2011: Prevention through Design: Guidelines for Addressing Occupational Hazards and Risks in Design and Redesign Processes 41.8 THE ANSI/ASSE Z690-2011 Series 61.9 ANSI B11.0-2015: Safety of Machinery. General Safety Requirements and Risk Assessment – A Standard of Major Consequence 71.10 European Union: Risk Assessment, 81.11 EN ISO 12100-2010: Safety of Machinery. General Principles for Design. Risk Assessment, and Risk Reduction, 81.12 Additional European Influence 91.13 MIL-STD-882E-2012. The US Department of Defense Standard Practice for System Safety 91.14 Certain Governmental Views 111.15 Canada 121.16 Fire Protection 131.17 Developments in Aviation Ground Safety 131.18 OSHA Requirements 141.19 EPA Requirements 151.20 The Chemical Industry: The Extensive Body of Information 161.21 Conclusion 16Review Questions 16References 17Appendix 1.A: A List of Standards, Guidelines, and Initiatives That Require or Promote Making Risk Assessments: Commencing with Year 2005 182 Risk Assessment Standards and Definitions 23
Bruce Hollcroft & Bruce K. Lyon2.1 Objectives 232.2 Introduction 232.3 The Need for Risk Assessments 242.4 Key Standards Requiring Risk Assessments 242.5 OSHA Compliance and Risk Assessments 242.6 Consensus Standards Requiring Risk Assessment 272.7 ANSI/AIHA/ASSE Z10-2012, Occupational Health and Safety Management Systems 272.8 ISO 31000/ANSI/ASSE Z690 Risk Management Series 282.9 ANSI/ASSE Z590.3-2011, Prevention through Design 292.10 ANSI B11.0 Machine Safety 302.11 NFPA 70E 312.12 MIL-STD-882E 11 May 2012, Department of Defense Standard Practice, System Safety 312.13 Key Terms and Definitions 322.14 Summary 46Review Questions 47References 473 Risk Assessment Fundamentals 49
Bruce Hollcroft & Bruce K. Lyon3.1 Objectives 493.2 Introduction 493.3 Risk Assessment within the Risk Management Framework 503.4 Risk Assessments and Operational Risk Management Systems 513.5 The Purpose of Assessing Risk 523.6 The Risk Assessment Process 533.7 Selecting a Risk Assessment Matrix 533.8 Establishing Context 553.9 The Risk Assessment Team 573.10 Hazard/Risk Identification 583.11 Risk Analysis 593.12 Risk Evaluation 603.13 Risk Treatment 613.14 Communication 613.15 Documentation 623.16 Monitoring and Continuous Improvement 633.17 Summary 64Review Questions 64References 644 Defining Risk Assessment Criteria 67
Bruce K. Lyon & Bruce Hollcroft4.1 Objectives 674.2 Introduction 674.3 Defining Risk Criteria 684.4 Risk Scoring Systems 694.5 Risk Assessment Matrices 714.6 Defining Risk Values 714.7 Risk Factors 744.8 Risk Levels 744.9 Risk Scoring 754.10 Severity of Consequence 764.11 Likelihood of Occurrence 774.12 Exposure 794.13 Risk Reduction and the Hierarchy of Controls 794.14 Acceptable and Unacceptable Risk Levels, 844.15 Documenting Risk, 854.16 Communicating Risk Criteria, 884.17 Summary, 88Review Questions, 88References, 89Appendix 4.A 905 Fundamental Techniques 91
Bruce K. Lyon5.1 Objectives 915.2 Introduction to Fundamental Hazard Analysis and Risk Assessment 915.3 Assessments Within an Operational Risk Management System 935.4 Hazard Analysis Versus Risk Assessment 945.5 The Hazard Analysis and Risk Assessment Process 965.6 Fundamental Methods 995.7 Informal Methods 1005.8 Formal Methods 1035.9 Conclusion 112Review Questions 112References 113Appendix 5.A 114Appendix 5.B: Common Hazards and Descriptions 115Appendix 5.C: Personal Protective Equipment Hazard Assessment Form Example 118Appendix 5.D: Job Hazard Analysis Form Example 1196 What-If Hazard Analysis 121
Bruce K. Lyon6.1 Objectives 1216.2 Introduction 1216.3 Overview and Background 1216.4 Process Hazard Analysis 1226.5 Mandated Assessments 1236.6 What-If Analysis and Related Methods 1256.7 Risk Scoring and Ranking 1376.8 Application of “What-If” 1396.9 Conclusion 143Review Questions 143References 1447 Preliminary Hazard Analysis 145
Georgi Popov & Bruce K. Lyon7.1 Objectives 1457.2 Introduction 1457.3 Preliminary Hazard List 1477.4 PHAs and their Application 1477.5 The Control of Hazardous Energy 1487.6 Fundamental System Safety Tenets 1497.7 Conducting a PHA 1507.8 Scoring Systems 1527.9 Practical Application 1537.10 Summary 157Review Questions 157References 157Practical Example 1618 Failure Mode and Effects Analysis 163
Georgi Popov & Bruce K. Lyon8.1 Objectives 1638.2 Introduction 1638.3 Purpose and Use 1648.4 Defining Failure Modes 1668.5 Risk Description Considerations 1678.6 FMEA Process Steps 1728.7 Practical Application 1758.8 Summary 176Review Questions 179References 179Practical Example – Assignment #2 – FMEA 1799 Bow-Tie Risk Assessment Methodology 181
Georgi Popov & Bruce K. Lyon9.1 Objectives 1819.2 Introduction 1819.3 History 1829.4 Overview 1829.5 Bow-Tie Methodology 1849.6 Practical Application 1869.7 Summary 195Review Questions 195References 196Appendix 9.A: QAP Corporation – Annual Report 19610 Design Safety Reviews 209
Bruce K. Lyon10.1 Objectives 20910.2 Introduction 20910.3 Challenges and Obstacles to Overcome 21110.4 Standards Requiring Design Safety 21410.5 The Review of Designs 21510.6 Hazardous Energy Control 21610.7 Ergonomic Review of Designs 21710.8 Design Review Process 21810.9 Hazard Analysis and Risk Assessment in Design 22010.10 Conclusion 224Review Questions 225References 22511 Risk Assessment and the Prevention Through Design (PtD) Model 227
Georgi Popov, Bruce K. Lyon, & John N. Zey11.1 Objectives 22711.2 Introduction 22711.3 The Concept of Prevention Through Design (PtD) 22911.4 Risk Assessment Process and the PtD Model 22911.5 Case Study 23411.6 PtD and the Business Process 24311.7 Summary 244Review Questions 244References 24412 Industrial Hygiene Risk Assessment 247
Georgi Popov, Steven Hicks, & Tsvetan Popov12.1 Objectives 24712.2 Introduction 24712.3 Fundamental Concepts 24812.4 Anticipating and Identifying Occupational Health Risks 24912.5 Determining Occupational Health Risks 25012.6 Health Risk Assessments and Prioritization 25512.7 Modified HRR/IH FMEA Methodology 256Sampling 257Results 25712.8 Control Banding Nanotool 26112.9 Dermal Risk Assessment 26112.10 Occupational Health Risk and PTD Process Alignment 26212.11 Summary 264Review Questions 265References 26513 Machine Risk Assessments 267
Bruce K. Lyon13.1 Objectives 26713.2 Introduction 26713.3 Machine Safety Standards 26813.4 Machine Hazards 27013.5 Machine Safeguarding 27113.6 Selecting Machines for Assessment 27413.7 Risk Assessment of Machines 27413.8 Estimating Risk 27813.9 Case Study 27913.10 Assessment of Machine Maintenance and Service 28213.11 Summary 285Review Questions 286References 286Appendix 13.A: Machine Safeguards Methods 28714 Project-Oriented Risk Assessments 291
Bruce K. Lyon14.1 Objectives 29114.2 Introduction 29114.3 Fatalities and Serious Incidents 29314.4 Error Traps in Nonroutine Tasks 29414.5 Management of Change 29414.6 Construction Project Work 29614.7 Construction Project Risk Assessment 29714.8 Safe Work Methods 29914.9 Pretask Hazard Analysis 30114.10 The Use of Checklists 30314.11 Maintenance and Service Work 30414.12 Operating Hazard Analysis 30514.13 Analyzing Specific Hazards 30814.14 Pre-Entry Hazard Analysis 30814.15 Fall Hazard Assessment 31114.16 Summary 317Review Questions 317References 31715 Food Processing Risk Assessments 319
Georgi Popov, Bruce K. Lyon, & Ying Zhen15.1 Objectives 31915.2 Overview 31915.3 Introduction to Food Risk 32015.4 Risk Assessment Techniques in the Food Industry 32015.5 Food Safety-Related Hazards 32115.6 Techniques for Assessing Food Risk 32315.7 Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points 32415.8 Integration of Risk Assessment Methods 32515.9 PtD and HACCP Integration 33815.10 Conclusions 339Review Questions 340References 34016 Ergonomic Risk Assessment 343
Bruce K. Lyon & Georgi Popov16.1 Objectives 34316.2 Introduction 34316.3 Ergonomics and Design 34416.4 Ergonomic Hazards 34516.5 Ergonomic Risk Factors 34616.6 Establishing an Ergonomics Assessment Process 34616.7 Assessing Ergonomic Risk 34916.8 Ergonomics Improvement Process 35016.9 ERAT: A Practical Assessment Tool 35416.10 Conclusion 359Review Questions 360References 360Appendix 16.A: Sample Ergonomic Responsibilities for Involved Stakeholders 361Appendix 16.B: Sample Ergonomics Training for Involved Stakeholders 363Appendix 16.C: Ergonomic Risk Assessment Tool (ERAT) – Initial Assessment 365Appendix 16.D: Ergonomic Risk Assessment Tool (ERAT) – Post-Control Assessment 366Appendix 16.E: Hierarchy of Ergonomic Risk Controls 36717 Assessing Operational Risks at an Organizational Level 369
Bruce K. Lyon17.1 Objectives 36917.2 Introduction 36917.3 Risks to an Organization 37017.4 Organizational Risk Management 37117.5 Key Definitions in Organizational Risk 37217.6 Assessing Organizational Risk 37317.7 Summary 387Review Questions 387References 38718 Risk Assessment Applications in Lean Six Sigma and Environmental Management Systems 389
Georgi Popov18.1 Objectives 38918.2 Introduction 38918.3 Environmental Management Systems (EMS) 39018.4 ISO 14001 Implementation 39018.5 EMS and Implementation of Lean Six Sigma Practices 40418.6 Conclusions 407Review Questions 407References 40819 Business Aspects of Operational Risk Assessment 409
Elyce Biddle19.1 Objectives 40919.2 Introduction 40919.3 The Business Case Development Tool 41019.4 Business Case Examples 41219.5 Conclusion 424Review Questions 424References 42420 Risk Assessment: Global Perspectives 427
Jim Whiting20.1 Objectives 42720.2 Introduction 42720.3 Using ISO 31000 for Maturity Assurance and Conformity 42820.4 Global Uptake of ISO 31000: International Risk Management Standard 43120.5 Global Comparison of Risk Tolerance Criteria 43220.6 Tolerability Criterion for Individual Risk 43320.7 Tolerability Criteria for Planning New Operations 43520.8 Investment to Prevent a Fatality 43620.9 Shifting the Paradigm from Absolute Safety to Risk Management 43820.10 Moving Toward Risk-Based Language for more Effective Risk Conversations 44020.11 A Cautionary Concluding Note 440Review Questions 440References 441Appendix 20.A: Better Terminology and Language for Risk-Based Conversations 442Index 445″