Power & Choice: An Introduction to Political Science Edition 14 by Shively EBOOK PDF Instant Download




Power & Choice: An Introduction to Political Science Edition 14 by Shively EBOOK PDF Instant Download

Table of Contents

Examples and Boxed Features
About the Author
Part I The Idea of Politics
CHAPTER 1 Politics: Setting the Stage
Politics as the Making of Common Decisions
Politics as the Exercise of Power
Power and Choice
Politics of the State
Political Science
The Pleasures of Politics
CHAPTER 2 Modern Ideologies and Political Philosophy
American Ideologies
The Conservative Reaction
The Socialist Alternative
Communism and Socialism
Ideologies in the Twenty-First Century
Religion, Politics, and Political Philosophy
Political Philosophy in Other Historical Eras
Part II The State and Public Policy
CHAPTER 3 The Modern State
The Development of the Modern State
The Origin of States: Power or Choice?
The State as a Device to Provide Public Goods
“State,” “Nation,” and the “Nation-State”
Government and the State
Challenges to the State
Example: State-Building in Nigeria
Example: State-Building in the European Union
CHAPTER 4 Policies of the State
The Role of Government in the Third World
Constraints and Conditions for Policy
Defense Policy
Research and Development
Health and Social Welfare
The Place of Power in Policy Analysis
Example: The Demographic Challenge
Example: Economic Development Compared with “Human Development”
CHAPTER 5 Economic Policy of the State
Economic Performance I: Growth
Economic Performance II: Controlling Inflation and Unemployment
Distribution and Economic Inequality
Independent Central Banks
Other Measures Available to Government
Globalization: Are States Losing their Ability to Make Economic Policy?
Political Economy
Example: Economic Policy in Germany
Example: Economic Policy in Indonesia
CHAPTER 6 What Lies Behind Policy: Questions of Justice and Effectiveness
The Problem of Justice
Other Aspects of Justice: Procedural Justice
A Basic Question of Effectiveness: Authority versus the Market
Power and Choice
The Need to Act, Even under Uncertainty
Example: Political Choice
Part III The Citizen and the Regime
CHAPTER 7 Democracies and Authoritarian Systems
The Coming and Going of Democracy
Possible Explanations
What Did We Learn from the Third Wave?
Why Are Prosperous Countries Likely to Be Democracies?
Democracy and Freedom
Democracy and Capitalism
Authoritarian Systems
Military Government
Why Aren’t There More Military Governments?
One-Party States
Monarchies and Theocracies
Democracy versus Authoritarianism: Material Considerations
“Power and Choice” Again
Example: Authoritarian Drift in Venezuela?
Example: Theocracy in Iran
CHAPTER 8 Political Culture and Political Socialization
Analyzing Political Cultures
Religion and Political Culture
Political Socialization
Media as Agents of Political Socialization
Political Culture and the “Democratic Citizen”
How Well Do Citizens Meet These Requirements?
Social Capital
Example: Building Authority and Legitimacy in West Germany after World War II
Example: Declining Democratic Legitimacy in the United States
Part IV The Apparatus of Governance
CHAPTER 9 Constitutions and the Design of Government
Variations in Formality
The Virtue of Vagueness
Other Principles of Constitutional Design
The Geographic Concentration of Power
“Federal” and “Unitary” States
The Distinction Between “Unitary” and “Centralized” States
How Much Centralization Is Good?
Constitutions and Guarantees of Rights
“Constitutionalism” and the Rule of Law
Example: Constitutional Government in Great Britain
Example: Constitution-Writing in South Africa
CHAPTER 10 Elections
Elections as a Means of Building Support
Elections as a Means of Selecting Leaders and Policies
Electoral Systems
Electoral Participation
Effects of Choice and Information on Turnout
The Paradox of Voting
The Bases of Individuals’ Electoral Choices
Example: Proportional Representation Elections in Israel
Example: Elections in Nigeria
CHAPTER 11 Parties: A Linking and Leading Mechanism in Politics
The Political Party
Origins of the Modern Party
Political Parties and the Mobilization of the Masses
Political Parties and the Recruitment and Socialization of Leaders
Political Parties as a Source of Political Identity
Political Parties as a Channel of Control
Party Organization
Party Finance
Political Party Systems
Power and Choice
Example: The Communist Party of China
Example: Canada’s Political Parties
CHAPTER 12 Structured Conflict: Interest Groups and Politics
Interest Groups and Representation
Types of Interest Groups
Tactics of Interest Groups
The Choice of Tactics
Patterns of Organized Interest-Group Activity
Pluralism and Neocorporatism: Power and Choice
Example: Interest Groups in France
Example: Attenuated Interest Groups in Bangladesh
CHAPTER 13 Social Movements and Contentious Politics
Why Now?
Social Movements as a Public Goods Problem
Advantages (and Disadvantages) of Informal Organization
Example: The Battle of Seattle
Example: The “Orange Revolution” in Ukraine
CHAPTER 14 National Decision-Making Institutions: Parliamentary Government
Head of State
Head of Government
Cabinet Control
What Does a Parliament Do?
Parliamentary Committees
Upper Houses
Advantages and Disadvantages of Parliamentary Government
Let’s Make Sure I Haven’t Made This Sound Too Simple
“Consensus” Parliamentarism
Parliaments in Authoritarian Systems
Example: Parliamentary Government in India
Example: Parliamentary Government in Germany
CHAPTER 15 National Decision-Making Institutions: Presidential Government
Political Parties and Presidential Government
Presidential Leadership
Presidential and Parliamentary Systems Compared
Responsibility for Policy
Presidential Systems and Comprehensive Policy
Recruitment of Executive Leaders
Review and Control of the Executive
Flexibility of the Political Process
The Split Executive of Parliamentary Systems
Why Aren’t All Democracies Parliamentary Systems?
Democracy and the Question of Accountability
A Note on Institutions and Power
Example: Presidential Hybrid in France
Example: Presidential Government in Mexico
CHAPTER 16 Bureaucracy and the Public Sector
Public Administration as a Political Problem
Characteristics of Good Public Administration
“Bureaucracy”: A Reform of the Nineteenth Century
Bureaucracy versus Flexibility
The Problem of Protected Incompetence
Adjustments to Bureaucracy
Social Representativeness of Public Administration
Example: The French Bureaucracy
Example: Bureaucratic Cultures in Europe and Africa
CHAPTER 17 Law and the Courts
Anglo-Saxon Case Law
Continental European Code Law
The Blending of Case Law and Code Law
Religious Law: The Sharia
Judicial Review
Example: The Law in China
Example: The European Court of Justice
Part V International Politics
CHAPTER 18 Global Politics: Politics among States (and Others)
The Absence of Central Authority
Fiduciary Political Roles and International Morality
Impediments to International Communication
Power and International Politics
The Process of International Politics
The Evolution of the International System since World War II
The World since the Cold War
Power and Choice in International Politics
Example: An International Failure: Rwanda
Example: The United Nations
A Personal Note
APPENDIX Principles of Political Analysis
What Makes a Statement Interesting?
Causation and Explanation
Historical Explanation
A Few Common Pitfalls in Analysis