Politics and Policy in American States & Communities Edition 8 by Dennis L. Dresang EBOOK PDF Instant Download




Politics and Policy in American States & Communities Edition 8 by Dennis L. Dresang EBOOK PDF Instant Download

Table of Contents

Title Page
Copyright Page
Chapter 1 Face-to-Face Governance
Plan of This Book
Chapter 2 State Diversity, Growth and Decline, and the Contemporary Urban Dilemma
Political Cultures
An Introductory Tour of the States
Metropolitan Development
Patterns of Interregional Growth and Decline
The New Immigration and Metropolitan Growth
The Consequences of Growth and Decline
Summary and Conclusions
Chapter 3 Federalism and Intergovernmental Relations
Constitutional Developments
The Phases of Federalism
The Plight of Local Governments in the Federal System
Regulatory Federalism
Relations among the States
Relations with Indian Nations
Summary and Conclusions
Chapter 4 Constitutions and Charters
History of State Constitutions
Major Features of State Constitutions
Local Government Charters
Types of Local Governments
Summary and Conclusions
Chapter 5 Policy-Making Processes: The Framework for Participation
Public Policy Instruments
Individual and Group Participation in Public Policy Making
The Centrality of Lawmaking in Shaping Public Policy
The Substantive Bill State Legislative Process
The State Budgetary Process
Summary and Conclusions
Chapter 6 Grass-Roots Participation
Access to Government
Who Participates?
Ways of Participating
Direct Democracy
Summary and Conclusions
Chapter 7 Interest Groups
General Trends
Internal Characteristics
Functions and Activities
Impact of Interest Groups
Summary and Conclusions
Chapter 8 Political Parties and Elections
The Roles of Political Parties
Party Organization
Informal Organizations
Legislative Leaders
Party Nominations
Campaign Finances
Independent Expenditures
Issue Ads
Term Limits
The Election
Party Competition
Summary and Conclusions
Chapter 9 Governors
Historical Developments
Formal Powers
Governors and Mobility
Summary and Conclusions
Chapter 10 State Legislatures
What Legislatures Do
Legislative Leadership
Legislative Committees
Legislative Reform
Calls for Term Limits
The Changing Executive–Legislative Balance
Legislative Decision Making
Summary and Conclusions
Chapter 11 Local Government Executives and Legislatures
Community Power
Executive and Legislative Institutions in Municipal Government
Patterns of Executive and Legislative Relations in Municipal Government
County Governments
School Districts
Other Special Districts
Regional Governance
Summary and Conclusions
Chapter 12 Bureaucracies
The Nature of Bureaucracy
Profile of Public Employees
Personnel Management
Agency Discretion and Accountability
Independent Regulatory Agencies
Summary and Conclusions
Chapter 13 Courts
State and Federal Courts
State, Tribal, and Federal Courts
Role of State’s Attorney or Attorney General
Judicial Actions
Selection of Judges
Discipline and Removal of Judges
Summary and Conclusions
Chapter 14 Crime and Corrections
The Nature and Incidence of Crime
Approaches to Crime
Crime and the Constitution
Summary and Conclusions
Chapter 15 Educational Policy
Primary and Secondary Education
Educational Alternatives
The Equity or Excellence Debate
The Courts’ Renewed Interest in Fiscal Equity
Higher Education
Summary and Conclusions
Chapter 16 Social Welfare and Health Policy
Social Welfare Policy
Public Assistance Programs
Who Are the Poor?
Welfare Reform
Health Policy
The National Debate over Health Care Reform
Implications for the States
Summary and Conclusions
Chapter 17 Environmental Policy and Economic Development
Federalism and Environmental Policy Making
Federal Initiatives in the Environmental Decade
Reagan’s Redirection of Environmental Regulation
Bush and Clinton: More Environmentally Friendly Administrations
George W. Bush and Expanded Market-Based Incentives
The States’ Prominence in Environmental Protection
The Environmental Challenges Lying Ahead
The Allure of Economic Development
Environmental Protection and Economic Development: A Strained Relationship?
Summary and Conclusions
Chapter 18 Fiscal Policy and Financial Management
The Economy, Taxing, and Spending
Taxing and Spending Comparisons among the States
Financing State and Local Governments
Evaluating State and Local Taxes
Executive and Legislative Balance in Fiscal Policy Making
State and Local Financial Management
Summary and Conclusions