Environmental Risk Assessment: A Toxicological Approach by Ted Simon EBOOK PDF Instant Download




Environmental Risk Assessment: A Toxicological Approach
by Ted Simon EBOOK PDF Instant Download

Table of Contents


Risk Assessment Paradigm from the 1983 Redbook-“”Risk Assessment in the Federal Government: Managing the Process””Risk Assessment Guidance for Superfund (RAGS) Part A 1989The Interface of Risk Assessment and Risk ManagementHistory of Risk Assessment in the US from 1990 to 2010Risk Communication and Stakeholder ParticipationRisk Assessment Policy and the Role of ScienceHow Risk is Perceived and ExpressedActuarial RiskPredicted RiskPerceived RiskRisk Estimates for RegulationUncertainty in Risk EstimatesUncertainty in Risk Management and the Precautionary PrincipleHuman Health Exposure AssessmentWhat are Receptors?How are Receptors Exposed to Environmental Stressors?Human Exposure AssessmentAssessing Exposure Factors and DataIssues to Be Considered When Performing an Exposure AssessmentThe Concentration TermFate and Transport ModelsAccounting For Uncertainty In Exposure FactorsToxicity Assessment for Human Health Risk AssessmentMode of Action and General Aspects of ToxicityHomeostasis and ThresholdsHistorical Perspective on Toxicity TestingTimescale and Nature of Adverse EffectsDose-Response AssessmentLow Dose Extrapolation-Two Types of Toxicity FactorsComputational Methods in Toxicity AssessmentMixturesAccounting For Uncertainty in Toxicity FactorsToxicity Factors for RegulationRisk CharacterizationHazard Quotient for Threshold EffectsRisk Estimation for Non-Threshold EffectsCumulative and Aggregate RiskThe Possibility of Compounding Conservatism in Both Exposure and ToxicityThe Precautionary PrincipleUtility of Risk Characterization for Decision MakingEcological Risk AssessmentStatutory Aspects of ERA at EPA and the Role of Natural Resource TrusteesERA Under REACHEcological Risk Assessment as Practiced By EPAMethodology for ERA under REACHScience Policy of ERAThe Future of Risk AssessmentIn Vitro Testing and ‘Omics-Toxicity Testing in the 21st CenturyScience and Decisions: Advancing Risk AssessmentRecommendations for Improving IRIS in the 2011 NAS Review of the Formaldehyde Risk AssessmentPossible Future Scenarios for Risk Assessment: Scientific, Social and Political Factors in Societal Decision MakingAppendix A: Useful Methods and Algorithms for Probabilistic Risk Assessment (PRA)